Southwark Iron Foundries

Px00702_800x500_(c) - 11 Oct 2015

Above: Square metal plate, with a side of about 12 inches, with the location ‘Bankside, SE1’. It would have been manufactured after 1920 because, before that date, it would just have been inscribed ‘Bankside, SE’.

Standing on a station platform waiting for a train that has been delayed can be a frustrating business. I was in that situation a few weeks ago and, along with others, I was pacing up and down the platform while waiting. Why people walk up and down has yet to be explained. It certainly achieves nothing at all. Suddenly as I walked along the tarmac of the platform, I noticed two metal plates on the ground — a square one with a side measuring about 12 inches and a larger rectangular one. There was nothing remarkable in that but, on closer inspection, the street name where they were made was incised into each plate. They had both been made within about half a mile of each other and they had both been made in Southwark.

We are all familiar with steel works being closed on large sites in the north of England and other places. That is where we have come to think of steel being made. As I looked at the words, I began to think of the many man-hole covers and even railway bridges crossing roads that carry the name of the place where they were made. Very often, if they are over 100 years old, they will have been made in London.

Px00704_800x500_(c) - 11 Oct 2015

Above: Rectangular plate bearing the address of ‘Union Street, Borough, London’.

In the case of the two pictures, one plate was made on Bankside, a narrow street that runs along the riverside between London Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge; the larger one was made in Union Street, a turning off Borough High Street. Nowadays there are no factories involved in heavy engineering in the Inner London area and there are probably none within the area enclosed by the M25.

Herne Hill Station opened in 1862. How long the plates have been in their present positions is not clear. There is no clue on the larger plate (‘Borough’) as to how old it is. For the smaller plate, that was made around 1920 or later because the area code ‘SE’ was not numbered — like SE1, SE2, SE3, etc — until 1917 when the new system was devised.

In Victorian times nearly all the street furniture — railway bridges crossing roads, lamp-posts, bollards, man-hole covers and even doorbell mountings — were made in London. Many are still in use today, just a mile or two from the original foundry, just like the two metal plates in the photographs. Chances are that, if you want a similar item today, you will have to send off to Central Europe or the Far East to have it manufactured.

As I filled in the time while waiting for my train — by photographing the two objects in case I forgot about them next time was I on the platform — I thought that there was a certain charm about seeing a humble object bearing the name of a foundry local to where it was situated. It exhibited the confidence that the Victorians had in being able to make almost anything right here in London — and right in the centre of the capital.


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2 Responses to Southwark Iron Foundries

  1. Pat Dennison says:

    Hi Adrian, the Railways Act of 1921 came into force on January 1st 1923 and as a result the “Big Four” were formed. These being the GWR, LMSR, LNER and the SR. The latter being the Southern Railway which was an amalgamation of the London & South Western Railway, London Brighton & South Coast Railway and the South Eastern & Chatham Railway. The railways were nationalised in !948 to become British Railways.
    The iron cover shown in the top image is most likely to have been made between 1923 and 1948. The SR standing for Southern Railway. If it was made after 1948 it would most likely say BR (SR) for British Railways (Southern Region).
    The larger plate is harder to date, possibly a similar age. Next time I am at Herne Hill I will have to have a look.
    Regards, Pat


  2. Thanks for your comments, Pat. They are most helpful.


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