Above: The 28 Metropolitan Boroughs, coloured in PALE GREEN or DARK GREEN to show how they were combined in 1965 to form the larger London Boroughs. The City is shown in PINK. Westminster is shown in YELLOW because it is slightly different from the other London Boroughs because it is known as the ‘City of Westminster’.
On 1 April 1965 a new way of administering London came into effect. Until then the administration was for Metropolitan London – a collection of 28 Metropolitan Boroughs, formed in 1900 and administered by the London County Council (LCC). In addition, the City of London remained, with its own government.
The map showing the 28 Metropolitan Boroughs was redrawn so that those boroughs were combined – either two at a time or three at a time – into larger units which were called London Boroughs. The only exception was Lambeth which remained by itself because it was a relatively large area. The reorganisation created 12 London Boroughs which, because they included all the land of Metropolitan London were also referred to as ‘Inner London Boroughs’.
The amalgamation of the Metropolitan Boroughs into London Boroughs will be described below starting with the London Borough of Greenwich and working clockwise. Notice that two of the 12 London Boroughs assumed a totally new name and the old Metropolitan Borough names were lost, which was a regret for many of the residents.
London Borough of Greenwich – formed by combining the Metropolitan Boroughs of Greenwich and Woolwich. The two small pieces of land, once part of the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich, were incorporated into the London Borough of Newham.
London Borough of Lewisham – formed by combining the Metropolitan Boroughs of Deptford and Lewisham.
London Borough of Southwark – formed by combining the Metropolitan Boroughs of Bermondsey, Camberwell and Southwark.
London Borough of Lambeth – formed from the Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth but two small pieces of land that had been in the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth were added. They were (1) Clapham and (2) Streatham. They are shown in BROWN on the top map.
London Borough of Wandsworth – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Battersea and almost all of Wandsworth.
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Fulham and Hammersmith.
London Borough of Kensington and Chelsea – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Chelsea and Kensington.
London Borough of Westminster, which has been written in this list for convenience. It actually has the title of ‘City of Westminster’ – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Paddington, St Marylebone and Westminster (which also carried the title of ‘City of Westminster’).
London Borough of Camden – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn and St Pancras.
London Borough of Islington – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Finsbury and Islington.
London Borough of Hackney – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Hackney, Shoreditch and Stoke Newington.
London Borough of Tower Hamlets – formed from the Metropolitan Boroughs of Bethnal Green, Poplar and Stepney.
Above: The colours on this map are the SAME as for the map at the top but the first three letters have been added to each Inner London Borough. Around the edge of the map are shown only the names of Outer London Boroughs which touch the Inner London Boroughs.
Around the original Metropolitan boundary were created a further 20 new London Boroughs which, because they were around the edge of the original boundary were known as ‘Outer London Boroughs’.
For the sake of completeness, the 20 Outer London Boroughs are listed in alphabetical order. They cover even more of the County of Middlesex than before, they cover part of the County of Essex, they cover even more of the County of Surrey than before and also more of the County of Kent than before.
Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Newham, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, Waltham Forest.
It should be pointed out that the ‘Know Your London’ blogs are, in the main written for places of interest within the old Metropolitan London boundary. Another way of putting that is to say that the blogs cover mainly the Inner London Boroughs and include the City of London. Just a handful of blogs cover places situated in the Outer London Boroughs and then only because the topic described relates closely to Inner London Boroughs.